Drug addiction is a complex illness characterized by intense and sometimes uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that persist even in the face of devastating consequences. Because drug abuse and addiction have so many dimensions and disrupt so many aspects of a person’s life, treatment is not simple. Scientific research and clinical practice demonstrate the value of behavioral counseling often accompanied by medicines to treat addiction. In addition, continuing care and attention to co-occuring medical problems are important. A variety of approaches having been tested and integrated in residential and community settings. As we look toward the future, we will harness new research results on the influence of genetics and environment on gene function and expression (i.e., epigenetics), which are heralding the development of personalized treatment interventions.
Revised Sep 2009.
Describes research findings on effective medication and behavior treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction and discusses special considerations for the criminal justice setting.En Español
Revised Jul 2006.
Discusses the extent of drug abuse and addiction among criminal offenders and treatment approaches that emphasize 13 principles proven to help criminal justice systems tailor treatment programs.En Español
Published Dec 2011.
Offers guidance in seeking drug abuse treatment and lists five questions to ask when searching for a treatment program.
Published Sep 2006. Revised Jan 2012.
Presents research-based principles of addiction treatment that can inform drug treatment programs and services in the criminal justice setting.
Published Oct 1999. Revised Apr 2009.
Presents research-based principles of addiction treatment for a variety of drugs, including nicotine, alcohol, and illicit and prescription drugs, that can inform drug treatment programs and services.En Español